English

chella

english

The Genre of Text

1. Narrative
Generic Structure :
a) Orientation
b) Evaluation
c) Complication
d) Resolution
e) Re-orientation
Social Function :
– To amuse or entertain.
– To tell story.
– To provide an esthetic literary experience.

2. Recount
Generic Structure :

a) Orientation
b) Events
c) Re-orientation
Social Function :
To retell something that actually happened in the past for the purpose of informing or entertaining.

3. Description

Generic Structure :

a) Identification
b) Description
Social Function :
To describe a particular person, place or thing.

4. Procedure

Generic Structure :

a) Goal
b) Material & equipment needed
c) Steps
Social Function :
– To help the readers how to do or make something.
– To describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions of steps.
– A set of instructions or directions.

5. News Item
Generic Structure :

a) Newsworthy Events
b) Background Events
c) Sources
Social Function :
To inform readers, listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important.

6. Analytical Exposition

Generic Structure :

a) Thess
b) Arguments
c) Reiteration/Conclusions
Social Function :
– To persuade the readers or listeners that something is the case.
– To analyze or explain.

7. Hortatory Exposition

Generic Structure :

a) Thesis
b) Argument
c) Recommendation
Social Function :
To persuade the readers or listeners that something should or should not be the case.

8. Spoof

Generic Structure :

a) Orientation
b) Event 1
c) Event 2
d) Event 3
e) Twist
Social Function :
It retells event with humorous twist.

9. Report
Generic Structure :

a) General Classification
b) Description
Social Function :
– To describe the way things are, with reference to a range of natural, man-made and social     phenomena in our environment.
– To present information about person, object or place.

10. Discussion

Generic Structure :

a) Issue
b) Arguments or evidence
c) Conclusion
Social Function :
To present information and opinion about more than one side of an issue.

11. Review

Generic Structure :

a) Orientation
b) Evaluation
c) Interprerative Recount
d) Evaluation
e) Evaluative Summation
Social Function :
To critique/evaluate an art work or event for a public audience.

12. Explanation

Generic Structure :
a) General Statement
b) Sequences Explanation
c) Closing
Social Function :
To explain the processes involved in the formation or working of natural or social cultural phenomena.

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